What happens to air as it sinks down the leeward side of a mountain?

What happens to air as it sinks as it may on the leeward side of a mountain range?

When the air sinks on the leeward side of the mountains, it forms a high pressure zone. The windward side of a mountain range is the side that receives the wind; the leeward side is the side where air sinks. The descending air warms and creates strong, dry winds.

What happens to dry air as it moves down the mountain?

When air reaches the mountains, it is forced to rise over this barrier. As the air moves up the windward side of a mountain, it cools, and the volume decreases. As a result, humidity increases and orographic clouds and precipitation can develop.

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Is the air moves down the leeward side of the mountain the air will?

When you get to the leeward side it descends, it falls and compresses so it warms. As air moves down the leeward mountain the air will? … The more water vapor in the air, the lower the density and pressure.

What is the advantage of staying in the leeward side of the mountain?

If that is what you are asking, the people on the leeward side of the range will see much less rainfall than those on the windward side. The reason for this is that the mountains will force the air upwards. This air will be relatively full of moisture. As it rises, the moisture will condense and fall.

Which side of the mountain receives the most precipitation?

The leeward side receives more precipitation than the windward side.

Which side of the mountain gets less rainfall?

THE LEEWARD SIDE OF A MOUNTAIN GETS LESS RAIN BECAUSE IT IS SITUATED TO THE NORTH OF MOUNTAIN AND WHEN THE WATER VAPOUR MOVES TOWARDS THESE MOUNTAIN THESE MOUNTAINS OBSTRUCT THE VAPOUR AND IT STARTS MOVING UPWARD ALONG THE SLOPE OF THE MOUNTAIN AMD THEREFORE THE LEEWARD SIDE RECEIVES LESS RAINFALL.

How does air move in general?

Air in the atmosphere moves around the world in a pattern called global atmospheric circulation. … When the air cools, it drops back to the ground, flows back towards the Equator, and warm again. The, now, warmed air rises again, and the pattern repeats. This pattern, known as convection, happens on a global scale.

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What happens to warm moist air as it rises over the mountain?

If warm moist air rises, it will expand and cool. As it cools, the relative humidity will increase and water will condense. It can then fall back to the earth as precipitation. … As air rises, it expands because there is less atmospheric pressure at higher altitudes.

Which side of the mountain is more often cloudy and which side is more often clear?

The Windward side of the mountain is more often cloudy, while the leetward side is more often clear.

What happens to warm moist air as it rises over the mountain dry air as it moves down the mountain?

As air rises over a mountain it cools and loses moisture, then warms by compression on the leeward side. The resulting warm and dry winds are Chinook winds. The leeward side of the mountain experiences rainshadow effect.

What happen when air become warmer and drier as it moves down the leeward side?

The orographic effect creates cooler air moving up the windward side of mountains and warmer air moving down the leeward side. … Such rapid warming and drying of air can produce very high winds known as Chinook or Foehn winds.

At what location on the mountain is the relative humidity probably 100 %?

On which side of the mountain and at which elevation is the relative humidity probably 100%? The air temperature on the leeward side of the mountain at 1.5-kilometers level is higher than the temperature at the same elevation on the windward side.

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What happens to air when it rises?

The air parcel expands as it rises and this expansion, or work, causes the temperature of the air parcel to decrease. As the parcel rises, its humidity increases until it reaches 100%. When this occurs, cloud droplets begin forming as the excess water vapor condenses on the largest aerosol particles.