What are the uses of mountain forest?
Mountain forests are important in watershed management and risk mitigation, as well as biodiversity and food security. They significantly contribute to air quality. They provide fuelwood and timber for local, as well as non-local users. In many mountain areas, forests are an integral part of complex land-use systems.
What’s mountain vegetation?
Mountain vegetation is found on the mountains at higher altitudes (heights). … As the height increases, the temperature decreases. Thus, trees at a higher altitude are conical and form the coniferous forests. Some main species of trees are chir, deodar and pine.
How are mountains useful in the ecosystem?
What can be concluded regarding ecosystem services from these case studies, which was also underlined throughout the Bragança conference, is that mountain ecosystems are particularly important in the delivery of the following services: conservation of habitats, populations and genetic resources; protection of …
Which is the most important tree in mountain vegetation?
Important trees are cactus, khair, babool, and keekar and they are found in Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana, Gujarat and eastern slopes of Western Ghats.
What are the importance of mountains in points?
The Importance of Mountains
Mountain areas cover 26.5% of the world’s total continental land surface. Of the world’s 237 countries, 197 include mountains. Mountains are particularly important for their biodiversity, water, clean air, research, cultural diversity, leisure, landscape and spiritual values.
Why are hills important to humans?
People have used hills for homes and urban areas for thousands of years. Many people have built their homes and villages on hills to avoid floods. The higher elevation also allows people to defend themselves.
What is the example of mountain vegetation?
Typical conifers in these mountain regions are pines (Pinus), firs (Abies), spruces (Picea), and the deciduous larches (Larix). Some areas have broad-leaved deciduous trees, and a variety of smaller plants are found beneath the trees, especially in moister spots.
What is mountain vegetation Class 6?
(iv) Mountain Vegetation. A variety of trees are found in the mountains. They are conical in shape. Hence trees are called conical trees. Chir, pine, and deodar are important trees of these forests.