What side of a mountain range is warmer and drier because the majority of rain falls on the other side?

Which side of a mountain or mountain range is drier?

As winds rise up the windward side of a mountain range, the air cools and precipitation falls. On the other side of the range, the leeward side, the air is dry, and it sinks.

Which side of the mountain gets less rainfall?

THE LEEWARD SIDE OF A MOUNTAIN GETS LESS RAIN BECAUSE IT IS SITUATED TO THE NORTH OF MOUNTAIN AND WHEN THE WATER VAPOUR MOVES TOWARDS THESE MOUNTAIN THESE MOUNTAINS OBSTRUCT THE VAPOUR AND IT STARTS MOVING UPWARD ALONG THE SLOPE OF THE MOUNTAIN AMD THEREFORE THE LEEWARD SIDE RECEIVES LESS RAINFALL.

Which side of the mountain is more often cloudy and which side is more often clear?

The Windward side of the mountain is more often cloudy, while the leetward side is more often clear.

What is the advantage of staying in the leeward side of the mountain?

If that is what you are asking, the people on the leeward side of the range will see much less rainfall than those on the windward side. The reason for this is that the mountains will force the air upwards. This air will be relatively full of moisture. As it rises, the moisture will condense and fall.

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Which factor is most important in determining climate?

The two most important factors in the climate of an area are temperature and precipitation. The yearly average temperature of the area is obviously important, but the yearly range in temperature is also important.

Why would the temperatures be different at the same levels on each side of the mountain?

As air rises up the windward side of the mountain it drops in temperature. As it descends on the leeward side of the mountain it increases in temperature. The second way temperature is affected is due to latent heat.