What happens when wind hits a mountain?
As wind hits a mountain, it is forced upward and begins to cool. Cool air reaches its dew point more quickly, and the result is rain and snow. As the air crests the mountain and goes down the leeward slope, however, it has lost much of its moisture on the windward side.
What happens to air as it passes over the windward side of a mountain?
As the air moves up the windward side of a mountain, it cools, and the volume decreases. As a result, humidity increases and orographic clouds and precipitation can develop. When the air descends the leeward side, it warms and is drier because the moisture in the air was wrung out during the ascent.
What happens to air as it sinks down the leeward side of a mountain?
When the air sinks on the leeward side of the mountains, it forms a high pressure zone. The windward side of a mountain range is the side that receives the wind; the leeward side is the side where air sinks. The descending air warms and creates strong, dry winds.
Do mountains affect wind?
Mountains make a barrier for moving air. The wind pushes air, and clouds in the air, up the mountain slopes. The atmosphere is cooler at high elevations, and there is less of it: lower pressure makes it hard for lowland animals to get enough air to breathe.
What happens to warm moist air as it rises over the mountain?
If warm moist air rises, it will expand and cool. As it cools, the relative humidity will increase and water will condense. It can then fall back to the earth as precipitation. … As air rises, it expands because there is less atmospheric pressure at higher altitudes.
What is the advantage of staying in the leeward side of the mountain?
If that is what you are asking, the people on the leeward side of the range will see much less rainfall than those on the windward side. The reason for this is that the mountains will force the air upwards. This air will be relatively full of moisture. As it rises, the moisture will condense and fall.
Which side of the mountain receives the most precipitation?
The leeward side receives more precipitation than the windward side.
What is the relationship between altitude and temperature?
Temperature varies with altitude, as follows: In the troposphere, temperature decreases as altitude increases. In the stratosphere, temperature generally increases as altitude increases due to the increasing absorption of ultraviolet radiation by the ozone layer.
Which side of the mountain is more often cloudy and which side is more often clear?
The Windward side of the mountain is more often cloudy, while the leetward side is more often clear.